Important dates in reggae history ...
Jamaica : the stone that the builder refused
1494 - Columbus discovers Jamaica
1655 - English fleet invades Jamaica
1692 - Port Royal destroyed, Kingston founded
1738 - Eighty year Maroon rebellion ended
1795 - Second Maroon war
1807 - African slave trade abolished in British colonies
1838 - Abolition of slavery in Jamaica
1916 - Marcus Garvey's farewell address to the jamaican people
1930 - Haile Selassie I crowned Emperor of Ethiopia
1940 - Marcus Garvey dies in London, Leonard Howell establishes Rastafarian commune at Pinnacle Estate
1948 - Rhygin'the bandit (Ivanhoe Martin)gunned down on Lime Key
1952 - Count Shelly starts his sound system in Swindon.Duke Vin starts his sound system in London. The first ever sound clash takes place
1954 - Pinnacle closed by police
1958 - First Niyabinghi convention held by Prince Edward Emmanuel
The early performers
1959 - Clement C.Dodd sets up his recording business in Kingston. Beginning of ska era
1960 - The Blue Beat label is started by Melodisc in the UK
1961 - Chris Blackwell starts the Island label in the UK
1962 - Jimmy Cliff, Skatalites, Wailers and Maytals begin careers. Jamaican independence from England
1963 - Clash between police and Rastafarians near Montego Bay
1965 - Height of rude boy era
1966 - Haile Selassie I visits Jamaica. An especially hot and humid summer slows jamaican dancers, and the rock steady era begins
1968 - Twelves Tribes of Israel organization formed.
The birth of reggae
1969 - Ethiopian Orthodox Church formed in Jamaica.
Don Drummond dies in May
1970 - Skinhead reggae in England
1971 - "The Harder They Come" in production. In August the producer Lesley Kong died
1972 - Island rds releases the Wailers "Catch a Fire". The modern reggae era begins.
King Tubby's first dub is released "Tubby's At The Control".
Jamaican elections bring Michael Manley and the PNP to power.